Emeralds, Rubies and Sapphires Explained

Are you looking for a new piece of jewelry?

Whether you’re looking for a gift for an anniversary, birthday, or engagement, buying gems is the perfect way to make someone feel special. And here's why you should consider getting Emeralds, Rubies, and Sapphires.

Emeralds, Rubies and Sapphires are three of the most popular gemstones than other gemstones in the world. Emeralds are green gems that can be found in many different shades from light to dark. Rubies are red gems that hold a close resemblance to a ruby wine grape. Sapphires come in a variety of colors including blue, violet, yellow-green, orange-red, and white-blue.


Emerald is a mineral of the beryl family and is colored by trace amounts of chromium.

Emeralds are beautiful and unique stones that form in the earth's crust. It contains an immense variety of colors ranging from yellow-green to blue-green and it is also noted for its strong ability to refract light which creates an array of different spectral colors that move across the surface of the stone.

Emeralds can be found in various locations such as Brazil, Afghanistan, and the Pacific Island.

Natural Emeralds

Natural emeralds contain more inclusions than other colored stones. These tiny flaws and irregular patterns can make a gemstone even more personal.

Natural emeralds are often more vibrant and colorful than their imitation counterparts. These natural variations make every stone unique, which is why it's important to own a wide variety of gemstones so you can truly appreciate them for what they really are! 

Synthetic Emeralds

Synthetic emeralds are a synthetic form of gemstone that look identical to natural ones in most cases but may vary from them when it comes down to color and saturation.

Lab grown gems lack both rarities as well an inclusion-free composition which makes these man-made versions not nearly as attractive as their counterparts created by nature.

How can you tell if an emerald is real?

You can tell if an emerald is real by testing the hardness of its Mohs scale. It is rank at 7.8 to 8 on the Mohs scale.


The Ruby is the red form of corundum, which may display a clear deep-red coloration.  Most rubies are derived from corundum stones. These can be any shade of red or pink to light purple, depending on other trace elements they may contain. Rubies are rarer than emeralds.

It is always associated with red due to its occurring most commonly as a form of the mineral corundum, an aluminum oxide with chemical composition Al2O3.

The precious stone name Ruby originates from the Latin word "Rubens," meaning "red."

Rubies have been popular gemstones for thousands of years because they never need polishing to get a clear shine and maintain their luster after time exposure to air.

The world's most valuable ruby is known as the Sunrise Ruby.

Natural Rubies

Real rubies are mined from the earth. They usually occur as a bright red stone embedded in the rock, though they may also occur as a black stone that is still recognized as a ruby. Rubies have been found scattered across the world, including Thailand, Cambodia, as well as Afghanistan.

Synthetic Rubies

Synthetic Rubies are man-made stones created primarily from titanium oxide.

Titanium is melted in a furnace under high temperature and pressure.

The pressure compresses the titanium if it begins to melt or boil then coats particles of crushed materials with it at extremely high temperatures.

These crushed materials are typically sapphires, which due to their refractive properties produce red light when heated with titanium oxide.


Sapphires are a very valuable gemstone. They are composed of corundum, one of the hardest minerals on earth. It can come in many colors: colorless, blue, pink, purple, yellow, orange, and black.

The chemical formula for sapphires is Al2O3 with a hardness measure of 9 on the Mohs scale. It is also known as the third hardest mineral after diamond and moissanite.

Sapphire is the gemstone of love and peace. It is believed to be a symbol of wisdom, faithfulness, purity, and honesty. The stone was named after the Latin word for blue "sapphirus" which in turn came from the Greek word σεφαρίον sefaerion meaning dark blue stone. Sapphire has been known throughout history as the “Jewel of Kings” because it was once worn by royalty.

Today, Sapphire continues to be one of the most popular gems used in jewelry around the world. 

Pink Sapphires

Pink sapphire is a form of corundum. It varies from deep pink to violet. It may contain strong orange or red rutile inclusions that create striking rust or brown-red coloration.

Blue Sapphires

Blue sapphire is a type of sapphire that is deep blue in color. It can be found among the most expensive of gems and is also one of the rarest gemstones on earth.

In addition, it also has been known to bring luck and good fortune to those who hold them close. Many cultures have beliefs around the three distinct colors that a sapphire can come in--blue, red, and purple.

It varies from a light periwinkle blue to an intense royal blue. It is also available as round or oval cut gems as well as cabochons or polished stones.

Yellow Sapphires

Yellow sapphire is among the rarest gemstones on earth and is very valuable because they are so delicate.

Many collectors prefer a lighter yellow to the deeper golden-orange tones because it's an excellent affordable alternative.

White Sapphires

White sapphire is the rarest color of the gemstones and provides a brilliant contrast with gold or silver jewelry.

White Sapphires are an affordable alternative to diamonds because they can be set into jewelry without being too flashy or overwhelming; however, some jewelers use them as accents over other stones like platinum for maximum effect!

Star Sapphires

Sapphires can come in many different colors, and the ones that aren't blue or black are called fancy sapphires or parti. One type of sapphire known as an asterism will have a reflection like stars inside it with other hues such as pink, grey-white purple yellow, etc..

Asterisms generally occur in less than 1% of all stones mined so they're not very common at all!

Padparadscha Sapphires

Padparadscha Sapphire is a rare and beautiful gemstone. It typically exhibits a vibrant pinkish-orange to peach color, with just a hint of blue. Padparadscha is Sanskrit for "lotus blossom", and it has been used for centuries as an expression of beauty, hope and compassion.

Rubies and Sapphires

When distinguishing between Ruby and Sapphire, it is important to understand that both Rubies and Sapphires came from the mineral corundum. Rubies can come in many different shades including light pink, purplish-red, or deep red color.

Sapphires, on the other hand, are such a diversified gem. Sapphires can come in any color including colorless, blue, pink, purple, yellow, orange, and black.

Are emeralds more expensive than diamonds?

No. Emeralds are less expensive to produce than diamonds, and they are only more valuable due to the fact that supply is relatively low compared with diamonds.

Emeralds can be found in many different shades from light to dark, while rubies are typically red. The other difference between these two gems is the cost of production; emeralds are less expensive than diamonds because they can be produced much faster. It's also easier for emerald mines to find large deposits of emerald since there aren't any other gems nearby that could interfere with their findings, which means it's easier to unearth them without interference too.

Which is more valuable ruby, emerald, or sapphire?

The worth of ruby, emerald, and sapphire are based on their weight and color.

Many people only think about their rings or earrings as far as jewelry goes, but there are so many different types of gemstones out there that you could be wearing without even realizing it.

The best way to tell what kind of stone you're looking at is to find out what color it is - then determine whether it's yellowish-brown (like tanzanite) or as blue as one can imagine (for example, a sky blue sapphire).

If your ring or earring stone changes colors throughout the day, then check for hints of both purple and pink in it - could be a MOTHER OF PEARL.

Why is emerald so expensive?

Emeralds are difficult to produce and as such can cost tens of thousands of dollars per carat. Even something as small as a third the size of a pea could set you back over $2000. The good news is that good quality emeralds (great color and not too cloudy) can be purchased for much less, many at prices similar to lower quality diamonds.


These three gems have different colors associated with them but all of these stones come from a similar family of minerals called corundum. These minerals can be found naturally or manufactured to produce many different varieties of stone including white sapphire which is made by combining aluminum oxide with titanium dioxide. If you’re looking for jewelry that will last a lifetime, consider purchasing an emerald necklace, ruby ring, or sapphire bracelet.